Musa Manarov,
the First Dagestan Cosmonaut

Mikhail Nokhov Gymnasium # 1 Khasavyurt

Musa Khiramanovich Manarov was born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR on March 22, 1951. He was a colonel at the Soviet Air Force and graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma in 1974

Musa was selected as a cosmonaut on December 1, 1978. He is currently married with two children.

From December 21, 1987 - December 21, 1988 he flew as flight engineer on Soyuz TM-4. The spacecraft docked with the Mir space station where Manarov remained for one year. He was the first person to spend a year in space. The duration was 365 days 22 hours 38 minutes.

In February 12, 1990 - May 26, 1991 he flew again as a flight engineer on Soyuz TM-11. The duration was 175 days 1 hour 50 minute. During his 176-day stay, Manarov observed the Earth and worked in space manufacturing. He also performed 20 hours of spacewalks.